Algeria Counter-Revolution


This painting was partly influenced by Eugene Delacroix’s 1830 work ‘Liberty Leading the People’, which commemorates the second French Revolution. The image of Algerian freedom fighter Djamila Bouhired who stands in the centre is based on the figure of ‘Liberty’ in the Delacroix painting. However, she holds an Algerian flag instead of a French one.

Algeria was colonised by the French and so this painting super-imposes Algerian rights over French colonisation ideals at the time.

Many Algerian people are represented in the painting, people who wanted to express their rights. Visible figures in the painting include Rachid Mekhloufi (FLN campaiger), Zinedine Zidane, Karim Benzema, an Amazigh tribeswoman carrying the head of Freedom Fighter Emir Abdelkader, Muslim sports women, refugee tents, and a Muslim child.